The phospholipid flippase DnfD localizes to late Golgi and is involved in asexual differentiation in Aspergillus nidulans Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The maintenance of cell shape requires finely tuned and robust vesicle trafficking in order to provide sufficient plasma membrane materials. The hyphal cells of filamentous fungi are an extreme example of cell shape maintenance due to their ability to grow rapidly and respond to the environment while keeping a relatively consistent shape. We have previously shown that two phospholipid flippases, which regulate the asymmetry of specific phospholipids within the plasma membrane, are important for hyphal growth in Aspergillus nidulans. Here, we examine the rest of the phospholipid flippases encoded by A. nidulans by obtaining single and double deletions of all four family members, dnfA, dnfB, dnfC, and dnfD. We find that deleting dnfC does not impart a noticeable phenotype, by itself or with other deletions, but that dnfD, the homolog of the essential yeast gene neo1, is important for conidiation. dnfD deletion mutants form misshapen conidiophore vesicles that are defective in metulae formation. We localize DnfD to late Golgi equivalents, where it appears just before dissociation of this organelle. We propose that DnfD functions in a trafficking process that is specifically required for the morphological changes that take place during conidiation.

author list (cited authors)

  • Schultzhaus, Z., Cunningham, G. A., Mouriño-Pérez, R. R., & Shaw, B. D.

publication date

  • January 1, 2019 11:11 AM