Resource Sharing with Subexponential Distributions
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We investigate the distribution of the waiting time V in an M/G/1 processor sharing queue with traffic intensity ρ < 1. This queue represents a baseline model for evaluating efficient and fair network resource sharing algorithms, e.g. TCP flow control. When the distribution of job size B belongs to a class of subexponential distributions with tails heavier than e-√x, it is shown that as x → ∞ ℙ[V > x] = ℙ[B > (1 - ρ)x](1 + o(1)). Furthermore, we demonstrate that the preceding relationship does not hold if the job distribution has a lighter tail than e-√x. This result provides a new tool for analyzing network congestion points with moderately heavy-tailed characteristics, e.g. lognormal distributions, that have been recently empirically discovered in Web traffic. The accuracy of our approximation is confirmed with simulation experiments.
author list (cited authors)
Jelenković, P., & Momčilović, P.