How gay men’s wives in China practice co-cultural communication: Culture, identity, and sensemaking Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2019, © 2019 National Communication Association. Around 13.6 million heterosexual women in China are married to gay or bisexual men, and they call themselves tongqi. Tongqi belong to both co-cultural groups (as women and wives) and a dominant group (as heterosexuals). Through a narrative analysis of 51 stories told by tongqi, this study examines the co-cultural strategies tongqi use, and identifies two novel co-cultural strategies: self-blaming and enduring. It also examines how tongqi narratively construct their husbands’ co-cultural strategies and finds that tongqi often internalize the ideologies (of gender, sexual orientation, marriage, and family) in their sensemaking process and in their communicative responses to their husbands.

author list (cited authors)

  • Tang, L. u., Meadows, C., & Li, H.

citation count

  • 2

publication date

  • January 2020