A nonlinear 1-D finite element analysis of rods/tubes made of incompressible neo-Hookean materials using higher-order theory Academic Article uri icon


  • 2019 Elsevier Ltd In this study, a general higher-order 1-D theory and its finite element model are presented to analyze the large deformation of thin or thick curved rods or pipes like 3-D structure, which have a space curve as their central axis. The material of these structures is assumed to be that of an incompressible neo-Hookean solid. The displacement field of the cross-section perpendicular to the reference curve is approximated by a rather general approximation function in the polar coordinate system in the cross-sectional plane. The governing equation for the presented theory is obtained in terms of the displacement variables referred to the general curvilinear cylindrical coordinate system. The incompressibility condition is included either by the Lagrange multiplier method or the penalty method through the weak-form finite element model. Several numerical examples are presented to illustrate the application of the theory and its finite element model to analyze curved pipes or other tubular shell structures. The numerical results have been compared with the exact solution (where possible) and numerical solutions obtained with shell finite elements or 3D finite elements of the same problems. The present results are remarkably close to those obtained with the 3-D or shell finite elements, while requiring substantially less computational time.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Arbind, A., Reddy, J. N., & Srinivasa, A. R.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Arbind, A||Reddy, JN||Srinivasa, AR

publication date

  • July 2019