A dual electromagnetic array with intrinsic frequency up-conversion for broadband vibrational energy harvesting
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© 2019 Author(s). This letter proposes a dual electromagnetic array to transform low frequency rectilinear vibrations into electricity with frequency up-conversion. The free of mechanical contact harvester consists of a rectilinear oscillator (R L O) and an array of two identical rotary oscillators (R T O). The R T O includes a rotor and a stator. The rotor has eight cubic magnets distributed centrosymmetrically, and the stator has eight coils. Under rectilinear vibrational excitations, the R L O drives the rotor of the R T O to rotate through magnetic torque acting on the rotors. A slight fluctuation of the rectilinear motion can lead to a great change of torque, which converts the low frequency vibrations into high frequency rotational motions. By adopting the frequency up-conversion mechanism, a high instantaneous output voltage is produced and maintained from 3.0 Hz to 9.5 Hz. Experiments show that with the dual rotor array, the output power is improved and the R L O is able to oscillate at its resonance even if the input frequency is greater than its resonant frequency, which implies a potential solution to suppress and harvest vibration energy during an earthquake if properly arraying multiple rotors. Under the excitation of 0.5 g and 4.0 Hz, the harvester can provide a stable DC power of 3.1 mW after AC-DC conversion.
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