The frequency of oral famotidine administration influences its effect on gastric pH in cats over time Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Famotidine is commonly administered to cats. Prolonged famotidine administration results in decreased efficacy in humans, dogs, and cows, but the long-term effects in cats are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of 2 oral administration frequencies of famotidine, twice daily (Group 1) and twice daily every second day (Group 2), on intragastric pH and serum gastrin concentrations in cats. We hypothesized a diminished effect on intragastric pH would be observed over time in Group 1 but not Group 2. ANIMALS: Sixteen healthy cats. METHODS: Randomized, 2-factor repeated measures crossover design. Cats received 0.5-1.24 mg/kg (median, 0.87 mg/kg) famotidine twice daily or twice daily every second day for 14 consecutive days. Intragastric pH monitoring was used to record intragastric pH on treatment days 1-3 and 11-13. Mean pH and mean percentage time (MPT) intragastric pH was ≥3 and 4 were compared between and within treatment groups by analysis of variance. RESULTS: Significant treatment group by time interactions were observed for mean intragastric pH, MPT intragastric pH ≥3 and 4 (P = .009, P = .02, P = .005, respectively). Interaction post hoc tests identified significant decreases in mean intragastric pH (P = .001), MPT ≥3 (P = .001), and MPT ≥4 (P = .001) on day 13 compared to day 1 in Group 1 but not in Group 2. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Oral famotidine administration results in a diminished effect on intragastric pH in healthy cats when given twice daily every day.

altmetric score

  • 1.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Golly, E., Odunayo, A., Daves, M., Vose, J., Price, J., Hecht, S., ... Tolbert, M. K.

citation count

  • 3

publication date

  • February 2019

publisher