The Cost of Jointness and How to Manage It
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Although joint programs are typically formed to reduce costs, recent studies have suggested that joint programs experience larger cost growth than non-joint programs. To explain this phenomenon, we present a model that attributes joint program cost growth to agencies' actions to maintain or regain their autonomy. We use this model to motivate principles for architecting joint programs and outline a process that can be used to identify opportunities for reforming current joint programs or for establishing new ones. Finally, we apply our approach to analyze joint program options for NOAA's low-earth orbiting weather satellite program and in doing so, identify several risks facing NOAA's current program and strategies for mitigating them.
author list (cited authors)
Dwyer, M., Szajnfarber, Z., Selva, D., & Crawley, E.