SMOS REFLEX 2003: L-band emissivity characterization of vineyards Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • The goal of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission over land is to infer surface soil moisture from multiangular L-band radiometric measurements. As the canopy affects the microwave emission of land, it is necessary to characterize different vegetation layers. This paper presents the Reference Pixel L-Band Experiment (REFLEX), carried out in June-July 2003 at the València Anchor Station, Spain, to study the effects of grapevines on the soil emission and on the soil moisture retrieval. A wide range of soil moisture (SM), from saturated to completely dry soil, was measured with the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya's L-band Automatic Radiometer (LAURA). Concurrently with the radiometric measurements, the gravimetric soil moisture, temperature, and roughness were measured, and the vines were fully characterized. The opacity and albedo of the vineyard have been estimated and found to be independent on the polarization. The τ-ω model has been used to retrieve the SM and the vegetation parameters, obtaining a good accuracy for incidence angles up to 55°. Algorithms with a three-parameter optimization (SM, albedo albedo, and opacity) exhibit a better performance than those with one-parameter optimization (SM). © 2005 IEEE.

author list (cited authors)

  • Vall-llossera, M., Camps, A., Corbella, I., Torres, F., Duffo, N., Monerris, A., ... Saleh, K.

publication date

  • January 1, 2005 11:11 AM