Enhanced MASH TL-3 Short-Radius System: Promising Design to Accommodate Flat Terrain and Ditches Academic Article uri icon


  • A challenging guardrail installation situation presents itself when two roadways intersect. Combining the guardrails from intersecting roadway results in what is commonly known as a short radius or T-intersection. It is difficult if not physically impossible to provide the required tensile capacity to the geometrical constraints of the curved section. Researchers and practitioners in the roadside safety area have been investigating the short-radius issue for many years. Investigators conducted numerous crash tests for different short-radius guardrail designs, yet none of those designs passed the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 350 Test Level 3 (TL-3) criteria. In 2009, the crash testing guidelines were updated in the Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware (MASH). MASH guidelines increased the impact severity for TL-3 tests over those in NCHRP 350. This paper presents a MASH TL-3 short-radius design that was successfully crash tested for both a flat terrain and a 3H:1V sloped terrain behind the installation. The impact conditions adopted from the MASH terminal/crash cushion matrix were MASH 3-33, 3-32, 3-31, and 3-35 for the flat terrain. Additionally, a slightly modified design that was installed in front of a 3H:1V slope was successfully evaluated using MASH 3-33 and 3-32 test conditions. These tests used a 25 impact angle since it was shown to be more critical for installation during simulation of the system.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Abu-Odeh, A. Y., Bligh, R. P., Lindsey, C., & Odell, W.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Abu-Odeh, Akram Y||Bligh, Roger P||Lindsey, Christopher||Odell, Wade

publication date

  • December 2018