Asset fixity and economic competitiveness of US ethanol production Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2019 Once refineries are built they become fixed assets in location, general class of feedstocks that can be used and basic technology employed. These fixed characteristics are ignored by most existing national-level biofuel modeling analyses. In this study, we introduced such characteristics (asset fixity) into a model that is used in the USEPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Renewable Fuel Standard Analysis. Analysis is then done on renewable fuel issues with and without considering such fixity. The results show that neglecting fixity upwardly biases estimates of renewable fuel market penetration. Also ignoring fixity results in unrealistic location and feedstock usage for simulated refining. Additionally under asset fixity the ethanol price needed to make cellulosic ethanol economically competitive is substantially higher than current levels and predictions of models ignoring the fixity, reaching $1.06/liter.

published proceedings

  • Biomass and Bioenergy

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, Z., Wlodarz, M., & McCarl, B.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Zidong||Wlodarz, Marta||McCarl, Bruce

publication date

  • March 2019