Crosslinkable‐Chitosan‐Enabled Moisture‐Resistant Multilayer Gas Barrier Thin Film
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Chitosan-based films exhibit good oxygen barrier that degrades when exposed to high humidity. In an effort to overcome this drawback, a multilayer nanocoating consisting of crosslinkable chitosan (CHQ) and poly(acrylic acid) [PAA] is deposited on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) using layer-by-layer assembly. Chitosan is functionalized with glycidyl methacrylate to introduce acrylic functionalities within the film. The deposited films are crosslinked using a free radical initiator and this crosslinking is confirmed by FTIR and reduced film thickness. A 10-bilayer (BL) crosslinked CHQ/PAA film, which is only 165 nm thick, results in a 36× reduction of the oxygen transmission rate of PET at 90% relative humidity. To achieve these same results without crosslinking, a 15-BL unmodified chitosan (CH)/PAA film, which is almost 5× thicker, must be deposited on PET. This environmentally friendly, transparent nanocoating is promising for food packaging or protection of flexible electronics, especially in high-humidity environments.
author list (cited authors)
Lazar, S., Garcia‐Valdez, O., Kennedy, E., Champagne, P., Cunningham, M., & Grunlan, J.