Laser lithotripsy of a urethral calculus via ischial urethrotomy in a steer. Academic Article uri icon


  • A steer examined because of obstructive urolithiasis and urethral rupture underwent laser lithotripsy, using a chromium-thulium-holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser inserted through an ischial urethrotomy. Procedures were performed with caudal epidural anesthesia. Six months after surgery, the urethra was patent with no clinical evidence of urethral stricture or fistula. Ischial urethrotomy provided rapid access to the bladder for catheterization and to the obstructive urolith for lithotripsy. Laser lithotripsy was a rapid and effective means of urolith removal in this steer.

published proceedings

  • J Am Vet Med Assoc

author list (cited authors)

  • Streeter, R. N., Washburn, K. E., Higbee, R. G., & Bartels, K. E.

citation count

  • 19

complete list of authors

  • Streeter, RN||Washburn, KE||Higbee, RG||Bartels, KE

publication date

  • September 2001