MODELING AND SIMULATIONS OF 1/16 th SCALED VHTR UPPER PLENUM
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© 2018 International Topical Meeting on Advances in Thermal Hydraulics, ATH 2018 - Embedded Topical Meeting. All rights reserved. In High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGR), gas flow patterns are very complex and reduced models (1D or 2D) may be too simplified to predict accurate reactor performance. 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models can help provide the detailed information needed to optimize the reactor thermal performance. The main objective of this work is to verify and validate the CFD models with data for a 1/16 th scaled Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) measured at Texas A&M University. The upper plenum is one of the main components in a VHTR where the hot and cold fluids mix with each other to determine the fluid temperature. In this paper, jet flow characteristics are investigated in two different upper plenum configurations; (i) single coolant channel and (ii) multiple (five) coolant channel. First, CFD models are verified with two different codes, Nek5000 and STAR-CCM+, for the single coolant channel configuration. The predicted jet velocities are identical in both codes with a marginal deviation due to differences in turbulence modeling. Second, the STAR-CCM+ Reynolds Stress Model (RSM) is validated with a multiple coolant channel configuration. Good agreement between simulated results and measured data is obtained for jet peak velocities. Also, the predicted flow asymmetry is similar to experimental data. In contrast, significant deviations are observed in the off side peak velocities due to the assumption of a constant inlet mass flow rate.
author list (cited authors)
Vegendla, P., Hu, R., Obabko, A., Yuan, H., Schultz, R., & Hassan, Y.