Effects of hydrochloric acid washing on the microstructure and pyrolysis bio-oil components of sweet sorghum bagasse
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Acid washing is an alternative and promising approach for biomass to produce high-quality bio-oil. The hydrochloric acid washing pretreatment of sweet sorghum bagasse was performed in this study. The effects of acid washing on the ultrastructure of sweet sorghum bagasse were investigated using scanning electron microscope and Fourier transform infrared, and the effects on pyrolysis using thermogravimetric analyzer and a fast pyrolysis device. The results indicated acid treatment obviously changed the surface morphology of the cell walls of sweet sorghum bagasse, effectively removed most metals from sweet sorghum bagasse, and increased the volatiles and bio-oil yields. The results showed that bio-oil produced from pretreated sweet sorghum bagasse contained less components categories, lower contents of phenols, aldehydes, furans and alcohols, while much higher contents of d-allose and ketones than that from the original sample. Hydrochloric acid-washing pretreatment of sweet sorghum bagasse can increase the contents of some high-value chemicals in bio-oil.
author list (cited authors)
Chen, D., Gao, D., Capareda, S. C., Huang, S., & Wang, Y.