Clinical effects of a constant rate infusion of remifentanil, alone or in combination with ketamine, in cats anesthetized with isoflurane. Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a constant rate infusion of remifentanil, alone or in combination with ketamine, in healthy cats anesthetized with isoflurane. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, clinical trial. ANIMALS: 23 cats undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. PROCEDURES: Cats were premedicated with acepromazine and morphine; anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane. Cats were given constant rate infusions of remifentanil (20 g/kg/h [9 g/lb/h], IV; n = 8), remifentanil and ketamine (0.5 mg/kg [0.23 mg/lb], then 1.8 mg/kg/h [0.82 mg/lb/h], IV; 7), or crystalloid fluids (8). The anesthesiologist was blinded to treatment group, end-tidal isoflurane concentration, and vaporizer setting. Heart rate, systolic arterial blood pressure, respiratory rate, end-tidal partial pressure of CO2, temperature, and end-tidal isoflurane concentration were monitored; recovery scores were assigned. RESULTS: There were no significant differences among treatment groups with respect to age, body weight, surgery time, anesthesia time, time to extubation, recovery score, or cardiorespiratory variables. End-tidal isoflurane concentration was significantly reduced in cats given remifentanil and ketamine (mean SD, 0.63 0.4%), compared with concentration in cats given crystalloid fluids (1.22 0.5%) but not compared with concentration in cats given remifentanil alone (1.03 0.4%). Compared with cats given crystalloid fluids, mean isoflurane requirement was reduced by 48.3% in cats given remifentanil-ketamine and 15.6% in cats given remifentanil alone. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: At the dosages administered, a constant rate infusion of remifentanil-ketamine resulted in a significant decrease in the isoflurane requirement in healthy cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. However, significant differences in cardiovascular variables were not observed among treatment groups.

published proceedings

  • J Am Vet Med Assoc

altmetric score

  • 1.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Steagall, P., Aucoin, M., Monteiro, B. P., Moreau, M., Simon, B. T., & Burns, P. M.

citation count

  • 16

publication date

  • January 2015