Crude Inactivated Influenza A Virus Adjuvated with a Bispecific Antibody Complex Targeting Chicken CD40 and AIV M2e Confers Protection Against Lethal HPAI Challenge in Chickens. Academic Article uri icon


  • In vivo targeting an immunogen to the CD40 receptor expressed on professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) dramatically enhances speed, magnitude, and quality of the immune response. Our previous evaluation of this strategy in poultry was limited to immunogenicity studies using CD40-targeted synthetic peptides, which demonstrated significant antigen-specific serum IgG and tracheal IgA levels <1 week after primary administration. In this study, this antibody-guided immunization strategy was modified to permit incorporation of inactivated highly pathogenic avian influenza virions (in lieu of short synthetic peptides) as the immunogen by simply mixing a bispecific antibody complex (anti-CD40/M2e) with crude inactivated virus before injection. Adjuvated avian influenza virus (AIV) induced significant hemagglutination inhibition titers up to 6 weeks postimmunization. In efficacy studies, administration of a single vaccine dose yielded 56%-64% survival against challenge with highly pathogenic H5N1, and 100% protection was achieved upon boosting. These results represent a feasible strategy to effectively target whole inactivated influenza A virus to chicken APCs, regardless of AIV clade and without phenotyping or purifying the virus from crude allantoic fluid. The data represent proof of principle for the unique prophylactic efficacy and versatility of a CD40-targeting adjuvation strategy that can in principle also be harnessed in other poultry vaccines.

published proceedings

  • Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother

author list (cited authors)

  • Vuong, C. N., Chou, W., Briggs, W., Faulkner, O., Wolfenden, A., Jonas, M., ... Berghman, L. R.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Vuong, Christine N||Chou, Wen-Ko||Briggs, Whitney||Faulkner, Olivia||Wolfenden, Amanda||Jonas, Melina||Kapczynski, Darrell R||Hargis, Billy M||Bielke, Lisa R||Berghman, Luc R

publication date

  • December 2018