Shape memory polyurethane‐urea foams with improved toughness
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Current vascular aneurysm treatments often require either highly invasive strategy to surgically occlude an aneurysm or endovascular occlusion via metal coils. While endovascular coils are safer, they have limited efficacy. Endovascular coils that are integrated with shape memory polymer (SMP) foams have the potential to improve occlusion and reduce coil risks; however, the mechanical performance and limited homogeneity of SMP foams can hinder their effective use. To address this issue, SMP foams are synthesized using the monomer diethanolamine (DEA) in place of triethanolamine (TEA) to provide improved mechanical properties for medical device applications. Mechanical testing and micro-fracture analysis were performed on DEA and TEA foams. DEA foams show improved toughness and reduced micro-fractures compared to the control. This work presents the utility of DEA in SMP synthesis to enable the potential production of safer aneurysm treatment.
author list (cited authors)
Easley, A. D., Monroe, M., Hasan, S. M., Weems, A. C., Frederick, J., & Maitland, D. J.