Dissociation dynamics of the water dication following one-photon double ionization. I. Theory
Additional Document Info
2018 American Physical Society. The measurement of the triple differential cross section in the body frame for double photoionization of a molecule can be made in principle by detecting the ionic fragments and the two photoelectrons in coincidence - but only if the dynamics and geometry of dissociation of the doubly charged molecular ion are known. A classical trajectory study of the nine lowest states of the water dication is presented using high quality ab initio potential-energy surfaces. Sampling from a semiclassical initial distribution of positions and momenta is used to approximate ionization from the Frank-Condon region of the ground vibrational state of neutral H2O. Excellent agreement in comparison with preliminary experimental momentum imaging measurements of double photoionization of water show that eight dication states can be unambiguously identified in the experiment with the aid of theory. The theoretical trajectory results allow body frame measurements of double photoionization to yield all eight states even though the usual assumption of direct dissociation, the "axial recoil" approximation, breaks down for three of the dication electronic states seen in the experiment.