Association between genotype and disease complications in Egyptian patients with beta thalassemia: A Cross-sectional study
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In beta thalassemia, the degree of globin chain imbalance is determined by the nature of the mutation of the β-gene. β° refers to the complete absence of production of β-globin on the affected allele. β+ refers to alleles with some residual production of β-globin. The homozygous state results in severe anemia that necessitates regular blood transfusion. On the other hand, frequent blood transfusion can lead to iron overload resulting in progressive dysfunction of the heart, Liver as well as multiple endocrinopathies. We studied the impact of genotype on the development of disease complications in patients with β thalassemia. A Cross sectional study was carried on 73 patients with beta thalassemia. Genotyping was determined by DNA sequencing technique. Routine investigations as well as MRI liver and heart were performed to assess iron overload. We found that β+β+ was the most common genotype in our patients followed by β°β° and β°β+. Mean Liver iron content (LIC) was significantly higher in β°β° compared to β°β+ and β+β+ genotypes and mean cardiac T2* was significantly lower in β°β° compared to β°β+ and β+β+ genotypes. Hepatic complications, hepatitis C, cardiac complications and some endocrinopathies were significantly higher in patients with β°β° genotype compared to other genotypes which explain the role of the underlying genetic defect in thalassemia patients in development of disease complications.
author list (cited authors)
Hassan, T., Zakaria, M., Fathy, M., Arafa, M., El Gebaly, S., Emam, A., ... El Gerby, K.