Efficacious Analogs of the Lantibiotic Mutacin 1140 against a Systemic Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Mutacin 1140, a member of the epidermin family of type AI lantibiotics, has a broad spectrum of activity against Gram-positive bacteria. It blocks cell wall synthesis by binding to lipid II. Although it has rapid bactericidal effects and potent activity against Gram-positive pathogens, its rapid clearance and short half-life in vivo limit its development in the clinic. In this study, we evaluated the effect of charged and dehydrated residues on the pharmacokinetics of mutacin 1140. The dehydrated residues were determined to contribute to the stability of mutacin 1140, while alanine substitutions for the lysine or arginine residues improved the pharmacological properties of the antibiotic. Analogs K2A and R13A had significantly lower clearances, leading to higher plasma concentrations over time. They also had improved bioactivities against several pathogenic bacteria. In a murine systemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection model, a 10-mg/kg single intravenous bolus injection of the K2A and R13A analogs (1:1 ratio) protected 100% of the infected mice, while a 2.5-mg/kg dose resulted in 50% survival. The 10-mg/kg treatment group had a significant reduction in bacteria load in the livers and kidneys compared to that in the vehicle control group. The study provides lead compounds for the future development of antibiotics used to treat systemic Gram-positive infections.

published proceedings

  • Antimicrob Agents Chemother

author list (cited authors)

  • Geng, M., Ravichandran, A., Escano, J., & Smith, L.

complete list of authors

  • Geng, Mengxin||Ravichandran, Akshaya||Escano, Jerome||Smith, Leif

publication date

  • December 2018