Comparison of the performance of the IDEXX SediVue Dx® with manual microscopy for the detection of cells and 2 crystal types in canine and feline urine
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BACKGROUND: Microscopic evaluation of urine is inconsistently performed in veterinary clinics. The IDEXX SediVue Dx® Urine Sediment Analyzer (SediVue) recently was introduced for automated analysis of canine and feline urine and may facilitate performance of urinalyses in practice. OBJECTIVE: Compare the performance of the SediVue with manual microscopy for detecting clinically relevant numbers of cells and 2 crystal types. SAMPLES: Five-hundred thirty urine samples (82% canine, 18% feline). METHODS: For SediVue analysis (software versions [SW] 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11), uncentrifuged urine was pipetted into a cartridge. Images were captured and processed using a convolutional neural network algorithm. For manual microscopy, urine was centrifuged to obtain sediment. To determine sensitivity and specificity of the SediVue compared with manual microscopy, thresholds were set at ≥5/high power field (hpf) for red blood cells (RBC) and white blood cells (WBC) and ≥1/hpf for squamous epithelial cells (sqEPI), non-squamous epithelial cells (nsEPI), struvite crystals (STR), and calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals (CaOx Di). RESULTS: The sensitivity of the SediVue (SW18.104.22.168) was 85%-90% for the detection of RBC, WBC, and STR; 75% for CaOx Di; 71% for nsEPI; and 33% for sqEPI. Specificity was 99% for sqEPI and CaOx Di; 87%-90% for RBC, WBC, and nsEPI; and 84% for STR. Compared to SW22.214.171.124, SW126.96.36.199 had increased sensitivity but decreased specificity. Performance was similar for canine versus feline and fresh versus stored urine samples. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The SediVue exhibits good agreement with manual microscopy for the detection of most formed elements evaluated, but improvement is needed for epithelial cells.
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Hernandez, A. M., Bilbrough, G., DeNicola, D. B., Myrick, C., Edwards, S., Hammond, J. M., ... Nabity, M. B.