Sustainability of wilderness sea kayaking in the Bay of Fundy, Canada
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A study was undertaken to investigate the potential long-term sustainability of sea kayaking in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. The biological and physical state of the environment of four islands frequently visited by sea kayakers was measured in spring, summer, and fall, 1997. Information was also collected on the quality of kayakers' wilderness experience, and whether encounters with other groups of people or the quality of the environment affected that experience. The kayakers' impact on the bio-physical states of the islands was found to be minimal. Few impacts were recorded, and most of these were in areas that were frequently and readily modified by waves and tides. All respondents indicated that their wilderness experience was good to excellent, with 97% indicating a very good to excellent experience. More than 80% of respondents indicated that the quality of the natural environment had either a positive or very positive impact on their wilderness experience. Nearly half (43%) of respondents indicated that encounters with other groups of people had a negative or very negative effect on their wilderness experience. Recommendations have been developed for the management of islands in maritime environments with the goal of long-term sustainability. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Oxley, A., & Brown, R. D.