Ameliorating the effects of climate change: Modifying microclimates through design
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Microclimatic planning and design can ameliorate negative effects of global climate change. Design modifications to outdoor environments can increase thermal comfort, and in extreme cases can be life-saving. This is not work for amateurs, or for professionals using their intuition or personal experiences. This work must be based on scholarly evidence acquired through carefully designed studies, accurate and precise measurements, and appropriate analysis. Built landscapes should be evaluated to determine if they achieved their microclimate modifying objectives, and the resulting information should be used to inform future studies. Methods for incorporating microclimate information in design should be made more user-friendly and accessible to designers, and knowledge about the effects of landscape planning and design on climate should be effectively communicated to decision-makers at all levels. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
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