Leaf functional trait responses to changes in water status differ among three oak (Quercus) species Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • 2018, Springer Nature B.V. We monitored differences in rates of foliar carbon-compound increases with progressive drought as an indicator of sink limitation status and subsequent drought tolerance. We postulate that species which increase foliar carbohydrates and protein-precipitable phenolics (PPP) more quickly than related species over the same time period and drought conditions have stronger sink limitations and are therefore less drought tolerant. Quercus macrocarpa, Q. shumardii, and Q. virginiana saplings were subjected to two treatments for approximately 3.5months: (1) watered, which received the equivalent of average weekly precipitation for College Station, TX, USA, and (2) droughted, in which precipitation was reduced by 100%. Q. virginianas photosynthesis (A) and stomatal conductance (gs) were 44 and 54% greater, respectively, than the other species in the drought treatment. Q. virginianas gs also increased more dramatically with watering and subsequent increases in predawn leaf water potential. This plasticity suggests Q. virginiana is best equipped to deal with sporadic rainfall events and soil moisture changes, at least in the short term. Results indicate that the three species allocate carbon from photosynthate in different ways. Q. shumardii had the most soluble sugar in its foliage but had the least PPP, while Q. virginiana and macrocarpa had more PPP and less sugar than Q. shumardii. Diameter:height growth rate was greatest in Q. shumardii. Foliar protein-precipitable phenolic content appears to be more affected by factors other than drought. Differences in species physiological responses to drought may result in stand composition shifts with future climate alterations.

published proceedings

  • PLANT ECOLOGY

author list (cited authors)

  • Cooper, C. E., Vogel, J. G., Muir, J. P., & Moore, G. W.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Cooper, Caitlyn E||Vogel, Jason G||Muir, James P||Moore, Georgianne W

publication date

  • October 2018