Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among HIV-infected adults in Botswana: prevalence and risk factors Academic Article uri icon


  • We sought to determine the clinical and epidemiologic determinants of Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in HIV-infected individuals at two outpatient centers in southern Botswana. Standard microbiologic techniques were used to identify S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). In a sample of 404 HIV-infected adults, prevalence of S. aureus nasal carriage was 36.9% (nā€‰=ā€‰152) and was associated with domestic overcrowding and lower CD4 cell count. MRSA prevalence was low (nā€‰=ā€‰13, 3.2%), but more common among individuals with asthma and eczema. The implications of these findings for HIV management are discussed.

altmetric score

  • 9.33

author list (cited authors)

  • Reid, M., Steenhoff, A. P., Mannathoko, N., Muthoga, C., McHugh, E., Brown, E. L., & Fischer, R.

citation count

  • 6

publication date

  • August 2017