Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among HIV-infected adults in Botswana: prevalence and risk factors
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We sought to determine the clinical and epidemiologic determinants of Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in HIV-infected individuals at two outpatient centers in southern Botswana. Standard microbiologic techniques were used to identify S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). In a sample of 404 HIV-infected adults, prevalence of S. aureus nasal carriage was 36.9% (n = 152) and was associated with domestic overcrowding and lower CD4 cell count. MRSA prevalence was low (n = 13, 3.2%), but more common among individuals with asthma and eczema. The implications of these findings for HIV management are discussed.
author list (cited authors)
Reid, M., Steenhoff, A. P., Mannathoko, N., Muthoga, C., McHugh, E., Brown, E. L., & Fischer, R.