Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among HIV-infected adults in Botswana: prevalence and risk factors. Academic Article uri icon


  • We sought to determine the clinical and epidemiologic determinants of Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in HIV-infected individuals at two outpatient centers in southern Botswana. Standard microbiologic techniques were used to identify S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). In a sample of 404 HIV-infected adults, prevalence of S. aureus nasal carriage was 36.9% (nā€‰=ā€‰152) and was associated with domestic overcrowding and lower CD4 cell count. MRSA prevalence was low (nā€‰=ā€‰13, 3.2%), but more common among individuals with asthma and eczema. The implications of these findings for HIV management are discussed.

published proceedings

  • AIDS Care

altmetric score

  • 9.33

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • Reid, Michael JA||Steenhoff, Andrew P||Mannathoko, Naledi||Muthoga, Charles||McHugh, Erin||Brown, Eric L||Fischer, Rebecca SB

publication date

  • August 2017