Methylation and miRNA Effects of Resveratrol on Mammary Tumors vs. Normal Tissue
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We reported that resveratrol decreased DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) 1 and 3b expression in vitro and demethylates tumor suppressor RASSF-1a in women at increased breast cancer risk. We investigated the effects of resveratrol on DNMT and miRNA expression in normal and tumor mammary tissue in a rodent model of estrogen dependent mammary carcinoma. Eighty-nine female ACI rats received estradiol plus: low dose (lo) resveratrol, high dose (hi) resveratrol, 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (Aza), a known inhibitor of DNMTs, or control (no additional treatment). After 21 wk of treatment, animals were sacrificed and mammary glands harvested. Matched tumor/normal tissues were available from 36 rats. DMNT3b (but not DNMT1) differed in tumor vs. normal tissue after lo (P = .04) and hi (P = .007) resveratrol and Aza treatment. With hi resveratrol, DNMT3b decreased in tumor but increased normal tissue. Hi resveratrol increased miR21, -129, -204, and -489 >twofold in tumor and decreased the same miRs in normal tissue 10-50% compared to control. There was an inverse association between DNMT3b and miR129, -204, and -489 in normal and/or tumor tissue. Treatment with resveratrol differentially influences tumor vs. normal tissue DNMT3b and miRNA expression. This mechanism of action of resveratrol to influence mammary carcinogenesis warrants further investigation.
author list (cited authors)
Qin, W., Zhang, K. e., Clarke, K., Weiland, T., & Sauter, E. R.