Methylation and miRNA effects of resveratrol on mammary tumors vs. normal tissue. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We reported that resveratrol decreased DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) 1 and 3b expression in vitro and demethylates tumor suppressor RASSF-1a in women at increased breast cancer risk. We investigated the effects of resveratrol on DNMT and miRNA expression in normal and tumor mammary tissue in a rodent model of estrogen dependent mammary carcinoma. Eighty-nine female ACI rats received estradiol plus: low dose (lo) resveratrol, high dose (hi) resveratrol, 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (Aza), a known inhibitor of DNMTs, or control (no additional treatment). After 21 wk of treatment, animals were sacrificed and mammary glands harvested. Matched tumor/normal tissues were available from 36 rats. DMNT3b (but not DNMT1) differed in tumor vs. normal tissue after lo (P = .04) and hi (P = .007) resveratrol and Aza treatment. With hi resveratrol, DNMT3b decreased in tumor but increased normal tissue. Hi resveratrol increased miR21, -129, -204, and -489 >twofold in tumor and decreased the same miRs in normal tissue 10-50% compared to control. There was an inverse association between DNMT3b and miR129, -204, and -489 in normal and/or tumor tissue. Treatment with resveratrol differentially influences tumor vs. normal tissue DNMT3b and miRNA expression. This mechanism of action of resveratrol to influence mammary carcinogenesis warrants further investigation.

published proceedings

  • Nutr Cancer

author list (cited authors)

  • Qin, W., Zhang, K. e., Clarke, K., Weiland, T., & Sauter, E. R.

citation count

  • 86

complete list of authors

  • Qin, Wenyi||Zhang, Ke||Clarke, Kaitlin||Weiland, Timothy||Sauter, Edward R

publication date

  • February 2014