Effects of temperament on pregnancy rates to fixed-timed AI in Bos indicus beef cows
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The objective of the present experiment was to assess the effects of temperament on pregnancy rates to fixed-time AI (FTAI) in Bos indicus beef cows. A total of 761 multiparous lactating Nelore cows, originated from 4 different commercial cow-calf ranches, were evaluated for BCS and temperament at the time of FTAI (day 0). Temperament was assessed by chute score and exit velocity. Further, individual exit score was calculated by dividing exit velocity results into quintiles and assigning cows with a score from 1 to 5 (exit score: 1 = slowest cows; 5 = fastest cow). Temperament scores were calculated by averaging cow chute score and exit score. Cows were also classified for temperament type according to temperament score (≤ 3 = adequate temperament, > 3 = excitable temperament). Pregnancy status was verified by detecting a viable conceptus with rectal ultrasonography approximately 40 days after FTAI. Chute score, exit velocity, and temperament score were not correlated to BCS (P> 0.31). Hence, BCS did not differ (P = 0.30) according to temperament type (4.13 vs. 4.09 for cows with excitable and adequate temperament, respectively; SEM = 0.070). Pregnancy rates to FTAI tended to be negatively affected by temperament score (P = 0.08), whereas the probability of cows becoming pregnant to FTAI was negatively associated with temperament score (linear effect, P< 0.01). Accordingly, pregnancy rates were reduced (P = 0.05) in cows with excitable temperament compared to cows with adequate temperament (35.3 vs. 42.8% of pregnant cows/total cows, respectively; SEM = 2.85). Pregnancy rates to FTAI were not affected by chute score (P = 0.25), although the probability of cows becoming pregnant to FTAI tended to be negatively associated with chute score (linear effect, P = 0.07). Pregnancy rates to FTAI were negatively affected by exit score (P = 0.05), and the probability of cows becoming pregnant to FTAI was negatively associated with exit score and with actual exit velocity (linear effects, P< 0.01). Results from this experiment indicate that excitable temperament is detrimental to pregnancy rates of B. indicus cows assigned to an estrus synchronization + FTAI protocol. © 2011.
author list (cited authors)
Cooke, R. F., Bohnert, D. W., Meneghetti, M., Losi, T. C., & Vasconcelos, J.