Expression of DNA binding proteins in carrot somatic embryos that specifically interact with a cis regulatory element of the French bean phaseolin gene. Academic Article uri icon


  • Nuclear proteins from bean (Phaseolus vulgarus) embryos bind specifically to a 55 bp DNA sequence located upstream of the seed storage protein gene phaseolin. This sequence is capable of elevating gene expression in transgenic tobacco plants by as much as 150-fold when fused to a chimeric beta-glucuronidase reporter gene. Results presented in this paper demonstrate that nuclear extracts from carrot embryos bind to a phaseolin DNA sequence that includes a phaseolin activator sequence. This specific DNA binding activity is modulated during somatic embryogenesis. Two separable protein species react specifically with the labeled phaseolin DNA fragment (58.0 and 51.7 kDa). These results suggest that the cis- and trans-acting elements controlling gene expression have been highly conserved during evolution.

published proceedings

  • Plant Mol Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Guiltinan, M. J., Thomas, J. C., Nessler, C. L., & Thomas, T. L.

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Guiltinan, MJ||Thomas, JC||Nessler, CL||Thomas, TL

publication date

  • November 1989