Nonlinear aeroelastic coupled trim analysis of a twin-cyclocopter in forward flight
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Copyright 2018 by the American Helicopter Society International, Inc. All rights reserved. In this paper, detailed development of a nonlinear aeroelastic coupled trim model of a twin-cyclocopter in forward flight is presented. Twin-cyclocopter consists of two cycloidal rotors as main thrusters and a conventional nose rotor for pitch-torque balance. It is shown that five control inputs (mean and differential rpm, mean and differential phase offset of cyclorotors, rpm of nose rotor) are needed to balance three moments and two forces on cyclocopter in forward flight while forces along lateral direction remain balanced at all stages. In this coupled trim procedure, blade aeroelastic response equations and vehicle trim equations are solved together by simultaneously updating control inputs and blade response. To obtain the blade response and forces for a given set of control inputs, an aeroelastic model of cyclorotor and an aerodynamic model of the conventional nose rotor in forward flight is developed. The nonlinear aeroelastic model of the cyclorotor is developed by coupling unsteady aerodynamic model of cyclorotor in forward flight with a geometrically exact beam based structural framework capable of predicting large bending and torsional deflections of rotor blade. Towards this, complex aerodynamics of the cyclorotor is thoroughly investigated and various underlying phenomena, such as dynamic virtual camber, effects of near and shed wake and leading-edge vortices are rigorously modeled. A modified Double Multiple Streamtube (D-MS) model is implemented to capture the complex dynamic inflow characteristics of cyclorotor in forward flight. The present model is validated with previously published in-house experimental data on the performance of a trimmed cyclorotor at different forward speeds.
Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International
author list (cited authors)
Halder, A., & Benedict, M.
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