High-yield scalable graphene nanosheet production from compressed graphite using electrochemical exfoliation Academic Article uri icon


  • Electrochemical exfoliation is a promising bulk method for producing graphene from graphite; in this method, an applied voltage drives ionic species to intercalate into graphite where they form gaseous species that expand and exfoliate individual graphene sheets. However, a number of obstacles have prevented this approach from becoming a feasible production route; the disintegration of the graphite electrode as the method progresses is the chief difficulty. Here we show that if graphite powders are contained and compressed within a permeable and expandable containment system, the graphite powders can be continuously intercalated, expanded, and exfoliated to produce graphene. Our data indicate both high yield (65%) and extraordinarily large lateral size (>30 μm) in the as-produced graphene. We also show that this process is scalable and that graphene yield efficiency depends solely on reactor geometry, graphite compression, and electrolyte transport.

altmetric score

  • 4.4

author list (cited authors)

  • Achee, T. C., Sun, W., Hope, J. T., Quitzau, S. G., Sweeney, C. B., Shah, S. A., Habib, T., & Green, M. J.

citation count

  • 45

publication date

  • September 2018