Stress distribution in a tooth treated through minimally invasive access compared to one treated through traditional access: A finite element analysis study.
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INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the stress distributions in the teeth treated through minimally invasive access (MIA) designs to those of the teeth treated through traditional straight-line access and their relationship to the final restoration using three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four FEA models of an extracted mandibular first molar were constructed. An intact model served as the control, whereas the other three were prepared with either an MIA or traditional straight-line access. Simulated composite access fillings with or without a simulated gold crown were applied to the models, followed by application of an occlusal load of 100 N. Von Mises stresses in the teeth were then calculated and analyzed. RESULTS: Stress values within the dentin for baseline, MIA with composite filling, MIA with composite filling and crown, and traditional access with composite filling and crown were 10.14 MPa, 6.98 MPa, 11.79 MPa, and 16.81 MPa, respectively. Higher stress values indicate that the tooth is more prone to fracture. CONCLUSIONS: A traditional endodontic access cavity may render a tooth more susceptible to fracture compared with an MIA design.
author list (cited authors)
Allen, C., Meyer, C. A., Yoo, E., Vargas, J. A., Liu, Y., & Jalali, P.