Use of Participatory Design to Enhance Accessibility of Slate-Type Devices Conference Paper uri icon


  • Individuals with Blindness or Severe Visual Impairment (IBSVI) have not had equivalent access to reading materials, especially for slate-type devices. Features such as highlighting and note taking are essential for active reading and engagement. The purpose of this project is to iteratively design a software system for slate type devices (e.g., iPad) to provide IBSVIs with equivalent reading experience as to sighted users. A participatory design (PD) approach is being adopted throughout the project by designing with IBSVI users. The first PD session aimed to explore and obtain feedback on the different layouts of the overlays (tactile pattern over iPad to guide reading), different text densities, sonification, and navigation through the STAAR (Spatial Touch Audio Annotator and Reader) system. IBSVI consultants gave significant feedback and design inputs. Consultants also brainstormed with researchers for ideas to improve the features of the system.

published proceedings

  • Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting

author list (cited authors)

  • Dhillon, G. S., El-Glaly, Y. N., Holbach, W. H., Smith-Jackson, T. L., & Quek, F.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Dhillon, Gurjot S||El-Glaly, Yasmine N||Holbach, William H||Smith-Jackson, Tonya L||Quek, Francis

publication date

  • September 2012