Optimal liquidity policy with shadow banking
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© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. We study the impact of shadow banking on optimal liquidity regulation in a Diamond–Dybvig maturity-mismatch environment. In this economy, a pecuniary externality arising out of the banks’ access to private retrade renders competitive equilibrium inefficient. A tax on illiquid assets and a subsidy to the liquid asset similar to the payment of interest on reserves (IOR) constitute an optimal liquidity regulation policy. Shadow banking gives banks an outside option allowing them to escape regulation at the cost of forgoing access to the government safety net. We derive two implications of shadow banking for optimal liquidity regulation policy. First, optimal policy must implement a macroprudential cap on illiquid-asset prices that binds only when the return on illiquid assets is high. Second, optimal policy must implement a fire sale of illiquid assets when high demand for liquidity is anticipated. We show how these features can be implemented by adjusting the IOR rate and the illiquid-asset tax rate.
author list (cited authors)
Grochulski, B., & Zhang, Y.