Ferricrocin, the intracellular siderophore of Trichoderma virens, is involved in growth, conidiation, gliotoxin biosynthesis and induction of systemic resistance in maize. Academic Article uri icon


  • Fungal siderophores are known to be involved in iron acquisition and storage, as well as pathogenicity of mammals and plants. As avirulent plant symbionts, Trichoderma spp. colonize roots and induce resistance responses both locally and systemically. To study the role of intracellular siderophore(s) in Trichoderma-plant interactions, we have obtained mutants in a non-ribosomal peptide synthetase, TvTex10, that was predicted to be involved in intracellular siderophore(s) biosynthesis. This gene has a detectable basal level of expression and is also upregulated under iron-deplete conditions. This is unlike two other siderophore-encoding genes, which are tightly regulated by iron. Disruption of tex10 gene using homologous recombination resulted in mutants with enhanced growth rate, reduced conidiation and hyper-sensitivity to oxidative stress as compared to wildtype strain. The mutants also produced reduced levels of gliotoxin and dimethyl gliotoxin but have enhanced ability to colonize maize seedling roots. The mutants were also impaired in induction of induced systemic resistance (ISR) in maize against the foliar pathogen Cochliobolus heterostrophus.

published proceedings

  • Biochem Biophys Res Commun

altmetric score

  • 2.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Mukherjee, P. K., Hurley, J. F., Taylor, J. T., Puckhaber, L., Lehner, S., Druzhinina, I., Schumacher, R., & Kenerley, C. M.

citation count

  • 35

complete list of authors

  • Mukherjee, Prasun K||Hurley, James F||Taylor, James T||Puckhaber, Lorraine||Lehner, Sylvia||Druzhinina, Irina||Schumacher, Rainer||Kenerley, Charles M

publication date

  • January 2018