The Hubble Diagram of the Calan/Tololo Type IA Supernovae and the Value of HO Academic Article uri icon


  • The Caln/Tololo supernova survey has discovered 30 type Ia supernovae at redshifts out to z0.1. Using BV(I)KC data for these objects and nearby SNe Ia, we have shown that there exists a significant dispersion in the intrinsic luminosities of these objects. We have devised a robust 2 minimization technique simultaneously fitting the BVI light curves to parametrize the SN event as a function of [tB, mi, m15(B)], where tB is the time of B maximum, mi is the peak BVI magnitude corrected for luminosity variations, and m15(B) is a single parameter describing the whole light curve morphology. When properly corrected for m15(B), SNe Ia prove to be high precision distance indicators, yielding relative distances with errors 7%-10%. The corrected peak magnitudes are used to construct BVI Hubble diagrams, and with Cepheid distances recently measured with the Hubble Space Telescope to four nearby SNe Ia (1937C, 1972E, 1981B, and 1990N) we derive a value of the Hubble constant of H0=63.13.4 (internal) 2.9 (external) km s-1 Mpc-1. This value is 10%-15% larger than the value obtained by assuming that SNe Ia are perfect standard candles. As we have shown in Paper V, there is now strong evidence that galaxies with younger stellar population (spirals and irregulars) appear to host the slowest declining, and therefore most luminous SNe Ia. Hence, the use of Pop I objects such as Cepheids to calibrate the zero point of the SNe Ia Hubble diagram can easily bias the results toward luminous SNe Ia, unless the absolute magnitude-decline relation is taken into account. Using the inertial reference frame of the distant SNe Ia, and the "corrected" apparent magnitudes of the best-observed SNe Ia in the Virgo and Fornax clusters, we have evaluated the recession velocities of these two clusters based on the Caln/Tololo Hubble diagrams. We find a cosmic recession velocity for Virgo of 1223115 km s-1 and for Fornax of 134270 km s-1, and a relative distance modulus of (Fornax-Virgo)=0.19m0.23m. 1996 American Astronomical Society.

published proceedings

  • The Astronomical Journal

author list (cited authors)

  • Hamuy, M., Phillips, M. M., Suntzeff, N. B., Schommer, R. A., Maza, J., & Aviles, R.

citation count

  • 224

complete list of authors

  • Hamuy, Mario||Phillips, MM||Suntzeff, Nicholas B||Schommer, Robert A||Maza, Jose||Aviles, R

publication date

  • December 1996