Neuroendocrine aspects of improving sleep in epilepsy. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Sleep plays an intricate role in epilepsy and can affect the frequency and occurrence of seizures. With nearly 35% of U.S. adults failing to obtain the recommended 7 h of sleep every night, understanding the complex relationship between sleep and epilepsy is of utmost relevance. Sleep deprivation is a common trigger of seizures in many persons with epilepsy and sleep patterns play a role in the occurrence of seizures. Some patients have their first seizure or repeated seizures after an "all-nighter" at college or after a long period of chronic sleep deprivation. The strength of the relationship between sleep and seizures varies between patients, but improving sleep and optimizing seizure control can have significant positive effects on the quality of life for all these patients. Research has shown that the changes in the brain's electrical and hormonal activity occurring during normal sleep-wake cycles can be linked to both sleep and seizure patterns. Many questions remain to be answered about sleep and epilepsy. How can sleep deprivation trigger an epileptic seizure? How do circadian and hormonal changes influence sleep pattern and seizure occurrence? Can hormones or sleeping pills help with sleep in epilepsy? In this article we discuss these and many other questions on sleep in epilepsy, with an emphasis on sleep architecture, hormone changes, mechanistic factors, and possible prevention strategies.

published proceedings

  • Epilepsy Res

altmetric score

  • 0.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Reddy, D. S., Chuang, S., Hunn, D., Crepeau, A. Z., & Maganti, R.

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Reddy, Doodipala Samba||Chuang, Shu-Hui||Hunn, Dayton||Crepeau, Amy Z||Maganti, Rama

publication date

  • November 2018