Intracoronary basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) in patients with severe ischemic heart disease: results of a phase I open-label dose escalation study. Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the safety, tolerability and preliminary efficacy of intracoronary (IC) basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF, FGF-2). BACKGROUND: FGF-2 is a heparin-binding growth factor capable of inducing functionally significant angiogenesis in animal models of myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Phase I, open-label dose-escalation study of FGF-2 administered as a single 20-min infusion in patients with ischemic heart disease not amenable to treatment with CABG or PTCA. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients enrolled in this study received IC FGF-2 (0.33 to 48 microg/kg). Hypotension was dose-dependent and dose-limiting, with 36 microg/kg being the maximally tolerated dose. Four patients died and four patients had non-Q-wave myocardial infarctions. Laboratory parameters and retinal examinations showed mild and mainly transient changes during the 6-month follow-up. There was an improvement in quality of life as assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire and improvement in exercise tolerance as assessed by treadmill exercise testing (510+/-24 s at baseline, 561+/-26 s at day 29 [p = 0.023], 609+/-26 s at day 57 (p < 0.001), and 633+/-24 s at day 180 (p < 0.001), overall p < 0.001). Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed increased regional wall thickening (baseline: 34+/-1.7%, day 29: 38.7+/-1.9% [p = 0.006], day 57: 41.4+/-1.9% [p < 0.001], and day 180: 42.0+/-2.3% [p < 0.001], overall p = 0.001) and a reduction in the extent of the ischemic area at all time points compared with baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Intracoronary administration of rFGF-2 appears safe and is well tolerated over a 100-fold dose range (0.33 to 0.36 microk/kg). Preliminary evidence of efficacy is tempered by the open-label uncontrolled design of the study.

published proceedings

  • J Am Coll Cardiol

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Laham, R. J., Chronos, N. A., Pike, M., Leimbach, M. E., Udelson, J. E., Pearlman, J. D., ... Simons, M.

citation count

  • 190

complete list of authors

  • Laham, RJ||Chronos, NA||Pike, M||Leimbach, ME||Udelson, JE||Pearlman, JD||Pettigrew, RI||Whitehouse, MJ||Yoshizawa, C||Simons, M

publication date

  • January 2000