Magnetic resonance phase-shift velocity mapping in pediatric patients with pulmonary venous obstruction.
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OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the accuracy, advantages and clinical efficacy of magnetic resonance (MR) phase-shift velocity mapping, in delineating the site and the hemodynamic severity of pulmonary venous (PV) obstruction in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance phase-shift velocity mapping of normal pulmonary veins and of obstructed PV pathways have been previously reported in a mainly adult population. METHODS: The study population (33 pts) underwent MR phase-shift velocity mapping of their PV pathways. These results were compared with cardiac catheterization and Doppler echocardiography data. RESULTS: The study population (0.4 to 19.5 years) consisted of a study group (PV pathway obstruction, n = 7) and a control group (no PV obstruction, n = 26). No patients had any left-to-right shunt lesions. The MR imaging displayed precise anatomical detail of the pulmonary veins. Phase velocities in the control group ranged from 20 to 71 cm/s, whereas velocities in the study group ranged from 100 to 250 cm/s (p = 0.002). The MR phase velocities (154 +/- 0.53 cm/s) compared favorably with Doppler echocardiography (147 +/- 0.54 cm/s), (r = 0.76; p = 0.05). The MR velocity mapping was 100% specific and 100% sensitive in detecting PV obstruction, although the absolute gradient measurements among MR phase mapping, echocardiographic Doppler and catheterization did not show statistically significant correlation. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of any associated left-to-right shunt lesions, PV velocities of 100 cm/s and greater indicated significant obstruction. The MR phase-shift velocity mapping, together with MR spin echocardiography and MR angiography, provides comprehensive anatomic and physiologic data that may obviate the need for further invasive studies.
author list (cited authors)
Videlefsky, N., Parks, W. J., Oshinski, J., Hopkins, K. L., Sullivan, K. M., Pettigrew, R. I., & Fyfe, D.
complete list of authors
Videlefsky, N||Parks, WJ||Oshinski, J||Hopkins, KL||Sullivan, KM||Pettigrew, RI||Fyfe, D