N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine interferes with the epidermal growth factor receptor-mediated signaling pathway
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Many environmental factors, such as ultraviolet (UV) and arsenic, can induce the clustering of cell surface receptors, including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). This is accompanied by the phosphorylation of the receptors and the activation of ensuing cellular signal transduction pathways, which are implicated in the various cellular responses caused by the exposure to these factors. In this study, we have shown that N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), an alkylating agent, also induced the clustering of EGFR in human amnion FL cells, which was similar in morphology to that of epidermal growth factor treatment. However, MNNG treatment did not activate Ras, the downstream mediator in EGFR signaling pathway, as compared to EGF treatment. The autophosphorylation of tyrosine residues Y1068 and Y1173 at the intracellular domain of EGFR, which is related to Ras activation under EGF treatment, was also not observed by MNNG exposure. Interestingly, although MNNG did not affect the binding of EGF to EGFR, MNNG can interfere with EGF function. For instance, pre-incubating FL cells with MNNG inhibited the autophosphorylation of EGFR by EGF treatment, as well as the activation of Ras. In addition, the phosphorylation of Y845 on EGFR by EGF, which is mediated through c-Src or related kinases but not autophosphorylation, was also affected by MNNG. Therefore, MNNG may influence the tyrosine kinase activity as well as the phosphorylation of EGFR through its interaction with EGFR.
author list (cited authors)
Gao, Z., Yang, J., Huang, Y., & Yu, Y.