Supramolecular architectures with -acidic 3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine cavities: role of anion- interactions in the remarkable stability of Fe(II) metallacycles in solution. Academic Article uri icon


  • The comprehensive investigation reported herein provides compelling evidence that anion- interactions are the main driving force in the formation of self-assembled Fe(II)-templated metallacycles with bptz [3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine] in high yields. It was demonstrated by X-ray crystallography, (1)H NMR, solution and solid-state MAS (19)F NMR spectroscopies, CV and MS studies that the anions [X](-) = [BF(4)](-), [ClO(4)](-) and the anions [Y](-) = [SbF(6)](-), [AsF(6)](-), [PF(6)](-) template molecular squares [Fe(4)(bptz)(4)(CH(3)CN)(8)][X](8) and pentagons [Fe(5)(bptz)(5)(CH(3)CN)(10)][Y](10), respectively. The X-ray structures of [{Fe(4)(bptz)(4)(CH(3)CN)(8)}BF(4)][BF(4)](7) and [{Fe(5)(bptz)(5)(CH(3)CN)(10)}2SbF(6)][SbF(6)](8) revealed that the [BF(4)](-) and [SbF(6)](-) anions occupy the -acidic cavities, establishing close directional FC(tetrazine) contacts with the tetrazine rings that are by ~0.4 shorter than the sum of the FC van der Waals radii (R(vdW) FC = 3.17 ). The number and strength of FC(tetrazine) contacts are maximized; the FC(tetrazine) distances and anion positioning versus the polygon opposing tetrazine rings are in agreement with DFT calculations for C(2)N(4)R(2)[X](-)C(2)N(4)R(2) (R = F, CN; [X](-) = [BF(4)](-), [PF(6)](-)). In unprecedented solid-state (19)F MAS NMR studies, the templating anions, engaged in anion- interactions in the solid state, exhibit downfield chemical shifts ((19)F) 3.5-4.0 ppm versus peripheral anions. NMR, CV, and MS studies also establish that the Fe(II) metallacycles remain intact in solution. Additionally, interconversion studies between the Fe(II) metallacycles in solution, monitored by (1)H NMR spectroscopy, underscore the remarkable stability of the metallapentacycles [Fe(5)(bptz)(5)(CH(3)CN)(10)][PF(6)](10) [Fe(5)(bptz)(5)(CH(3)CN)(10)][SbF(6)](10) < [Fe(5)(bptz)(5)(CH(3)CN)(10)][AsF(6)](10) versus [Fe(4)(bptz)(4)(CH(3)CN)(8)][BF(4)](8), given the inherent angle strain in five-membered rings. Finally, the low anion activation energies of encapsulation (G() 50 kJ/mol), determined from variable-temperature (19)F NMR studies for [Fe(5)(bptz)(5)(CH(3)CN)(10)][PF(6)](10) and [Zn(4)(bptz)(4)(CH(3)CN)(8)][BF(4)](8), confirm anion encapsulation in the -acidic cavities by anion- contacts (~20-70 kJ/mol).

published proceedings

  • J Am Chem Soc

author list (cited authors)

  • Chifotides, H. T., Giles, I. D., & Dunbar, K. R.

citation count

  • 139

complete list of authors

  • Chifotides, Helen T||Giles, Ian D||Dunbar, Kim R

publication date

  • February 2013