Chemical sub-structural cluster expansions for molecular properties.
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Abstract The correlation of different molecular sub-structures with various molecular properties has a long history, of over a century. And currently such structural characterizations still remain of central interest in chemistry. Thus a general formalism to analyze a property or activity in terms of sub-structural contributions is of interest, and is pursued here. The approach may indeed be viewed as a formalization and extension of standard bond-energy ideas as arise even in introductory chemistry courses. The present formalism allows for: a more complete and comprehensive formulation, with higher-order corrections to achieve greater accuracy; a more general form for the class of sub-structures appearing in the expansion, thereby allowing more general (e.g., "multiplicative") properties to be expanded; and a more general form for the expansion functions, thereby allowing more rapid convergence rates for the expansions. An illustrative example for the structure/property correlation of conjugated-hydrocarbon -energy is made. Some comments on the use for describing bio-activities, and in particular toxicities, are made.