An optimal viscosity profile in enhanced oil recovery by polymer flooding
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Forced displacement of oil by polymer flooding in oil reservoir is one of the effective methods of enhanced (tertiary) oil recovery. A classical model of this process within Hele-Shaw approximation involves three-layer fluid in a Hele-Shaw cell having a variable viscosity fluid in the intermediate layer between oil and water. The goal here is to find an optimal viscosity profile of the intermediate layer that almost eliminates the growth of the interfacial disturbances induced by mild perturbation of the permeability field. We derive the dispersion relation and sharp bounds on the growth rate of the interfacial disturbances for an optimal viscosity profile of the intermediate layer. We also discuss how and why an appropriate choice of variable viscous profile in the intermediate layer can mitigate not only the Saffman-Taylor instability but also the tendency of preferential channeling of flow through high permeable region in the heterogeneous case. 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCE
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