Posetic quantitative superstructure/activity relationships (QSSARs) for chlorobenzenes.
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As a result of the widespread industrial use of polychlorinated hydrocarbons, they have accumulated in nearly all types of environmental compartments, especially in aquatic systems. Particularly, chloroaromatics are among the most undesirable industrial effluents because of their persistence and toxicity. To predict chlorobenzene (CB) toxicities, we make use of a novel scheme that looks beyond simple molecular structure to the manner in which such a structure embeds in an overall reaction network. Thence, a resultant modeling gives a quantitative superstructure/activity relationship (QSSAR) with the (chloro-substitution) reaction network viewed mathematically as a partially ordered set (or poset). Different numerical fittings to the overall poset lead to different QSSAR models, of which we investigate three: average poset, cluster expansion, and splinoid poset QSSAR models for the CBs' toxicities against various species (Poecilia reticulata,Pimephales promelas, Daphnia magna, Rana japonica, etc). Excellent results are obtained for all QSSAR toxicity models. On the basis of the poset reaction diagram, all three of these QSSAR models reflect, in distinct ways, the topology of the network that describes the interconversion of chemical species. Although in the majority of investigated datasets all poset QSSAR models give very good predictions, in some cases, they complement each other. These differences show that more reliable predictions can be obtained by using a consensus prediction that combines data from the three posetic models.