Distributed Projection Subgradient Algorithm Over Time-Varying General Unbalanced Directed Graphs
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1963-2012 IEEE. This paper is concerned with a general class of distributed constrained optimization problems over a multiagent network, where the global objective function is represented by the sum of all local objective functions. Each agent in the network only knows its own local objective function, and is restricted to a global nonempty closed convex set. We discuss the scenario where the communication of the whole multiagent network is expressed as a sequence of time-varying general unbalanced directed graphs. The directed graphs are required to be uniformly jointly strongly connected and the weight matrices are only row-stochastic. To collaboratively deal with the optimization problems, existing distributed methods mostly require the communication graph to be fixed or balanced, which is impractical and hardly inevitable. In contrast, we propose a new distributed projection subgradient algorithm which is applicable to the time-varying general unbalanced directed graphs and does not need each agent to know its in-neighbors' out-degree. When the objective functions are convex and Lipschitz continuous, it is proved that the proposed algorithm exactly converges to the optimal solution. Simulation results on a numerical experiment are shown to substantiate feasibility of the proposed algorithm and correctness of the theoretical findings.