n372374SE Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Campylobacter jejuni, a leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide, has a unique O-methyl phosphoramidate (MeOPN) moiety attached to its capsular polysaccharide. Investigations into the biological role of MeOPN have revealed that it contributes to the pathogenicity of C. jejuni, and this modification is important for the colonization of C. jejuni. Previously, the reactions catalyzed by four enzymes (Cj1418-Cj1415) from C. jejuni that are required for the biosynthesis of the phosphoramidate modification have been elucidated. Cj1418 (l-glutamine kinase) catalyzes the formation of the initial phosphoramidate bond with the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of the amide nitrogen of l-glutamine. Here we show that Cj1418 catalyzes the phosphorylation of l-glutamine through a three-step reaction mechanism via the formation of covalent pyrophosphorylated ( Enz-X-P-P) and phosphorylated ( Enz-X-P) intermediates. In the absence of l-glutamine, the enzyme was shown to catalyze a positional isotope exchange (PIX) reaction within -[18O4]-ATP in support of the formation of the Enz-X-P-Pintermediate. In the absence of ATP, the enzyme was shown to catalyze a molecular isotope exchange (MIX) reaction between l-glutamine phosphate and [15N-amide]-l-glutamine in direct support of the Enz-X-Pintermediate. The active site nucleophile has been identified as His-737 based on the lack of activity of the H737N mutant and amino acid sequence comparisons. The enzyme was shown to also catalyze the phosphorylation of d-glutamine, -l-glutamyl hydroxamate, -l-glutamyl hydrazide, and -l-aspartyl hydroxamate, in addition to l-glutamine.

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Taylor, Z. W., Chamberlain, A. R., & Raushel, F. M.

publication date

  • January 1, 2018 11:11 AM