Design optimization of hull size for spar-based floating offshore wind turbines Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. A newly evolving concept in utility-scale floating wind turbines is investigated through design optimization. The ideal hull length is selected from seven new designs, based on optimizing the trade-off between minimizing structural weight and maximizing electricity harvest. The seven new spar-buoy designs have drafts ranging from 62 to 120 m. Each floater hull has been developed in conformance with industry-standard structural guide API Bulletin 2U. Performance is assessed with the Loose software using time-domain analysis and irregular winds and waves. The simulation method is based on multi-body theory in Euler space, which does not rely on small-angle assumptions. Nonlinear hydrostatic restoring forces and moments are derived for large rotational angles in the pitch-roll-yaw Euler angle sequence. Environmental forcing by wind is computed using aero-elastic theory. A new individual pitch control (IPC) method based on DISCON control routine (Jonkman) is investigated as a possible means to improve generating efficiency. The pitch angle of each blade is individually controlled relative to a mean angle computed by DISCON to maintain the ideal angle of attack by removing the angle change caused by inclining tower. A comparison of the generating efficiency between IPC and traditional collective pitch control shows that IPC is not an effective way to increase output power.

author list (cited authors)

  • Gao, J. u., & Sweetman, B.

citation count

  • 4

publication date

  • July 2018