Spatial phase dislocations in femtosecond laser pulses
Additional Document Info
We show that spatial phase dislocations associated with optical vortices can be embedded in femtosecond laser beams by computer-generated holograms, provided that they are built in a setup compensating for the introduced spatial dispersion of the broad spectrum. We present analytical results describing two possible arrangements: a dispersionless 4f setup and a double-pass grating compressor. Experimental results on the generation of optical vortices in the output beam of a 20 fs Ti:sapphire laser and the proof-of-principle measurements with a broadband-tunable cw Ti:sapphire laser confirm our theoretical predictions. 2006 Optical Society of America.