Rydberg-induced solitons: three-dimensional self-trapping of matter waves. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We propose a scheme for the creation of stable three-dimensional bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates, i.e., the matter-wave analog of so-called spatiotemporal "light bullets." Off-resonant dressing to Rydberg nD states is shown to provide nonlocal attractive interactions, leading to self-trapping of mesoscopic atomic clouds by a collective excitation of a Rydberg atom pair. We present detailed potential calculations and demonstrate the existence of stable solitons under realistic experimental conditions by means of numerical simulations.

published proceedings

  • Phys Rev Lett

author list (cited authors)

  • Maucher, F., Henkel, N., Saffman, M., Krlikowski, W., Skupin, S., & Pohl, T.

citation count

  • 102

complete list of authors

  • Maucher, F||Henkel, N||Saffman, M||Kr√≥likowski, W||Skupin, S||Pohl, T

publication date

  • April 2011