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We employ a variational technique to describe the propagation of a Gaussian beam in a nonlinear, weakly nonlocal medium and derive the conditions for breathing soliton formation in both one and two transverse dimensions. The reduced one-dimensional results agree quantitatively with known exact nonlocal soliton solutions. We subsequently formulate a simple procedure for estimating the strength of a weak nonlocality and verify its applicability by direct numerical simulations. 2008 The American Physical Society.
author list (cited authors)
Bezuhanov, K. S., Dreischuh, A. A., & Krolikowski, W.