A model for predicting the damage and environmental degradation dependent life of SCS-6/Timetal (R) 21S[0](4) metal matrix composite Academic Article uri icon


  • A method is developed herein for predicting the life of a continuous fiber titanium metal matrix composite. As a part of the research effort, the titanium metal matrix composite, SCS-6/Timetal 21S [0]4, has been fatigue tested at 482C and 650C. Additional specimens have been environmentally degraded at 700C and then fatigued at 482C to failure. The research focuses on initial oxygen dissolution and its effect on the life of the material. The life-limiting physical mechanisms identified from the experiments are material inelasticity, surface embrittlement, and subsequent surface cracking, fiber/matrix debonding, fiber-bridging, and eventual fiber failure. A model incorporating all of these physical phenomena has been developed herein. The model utilizes the finite element method coupled with models for material inelasticity, surface embrittlement, and crack propagation. Material inelasticity is predicted using Bodner's unified viscoplastic model. Crack propagation is modelled via the inclusion of cohesive zones. Surface embrittlement is accounted for by degrading material properties. Both monotonic and fatigue loadings have been modelled at 482C and 650C for degraded and undegraded specimens. Results indicate that surface crack propagation rates are significantly slower when matrix viscoplasticity is included in the model instead of elasticity. Furthermore, surface cracking in environmentally degraded specimens enhances fiber stresses compared to undegraded specimens. This difference apparently leads to the premature failure of the degraded composite. 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Foulk, J. W., Allen, D. H., & Helms, K.

citation count

  • 22

complete list of authors

  • Foulk, JW||Allen, DH||Helms, KLE

publication date

  • June 1998